Preparation of the manuscript
Papers should be prepared in compliance with the principles developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) in the form of a text file saved in a text editor with .doc or .odt extensions.
Structure of submitted works
The paper should contain the following elements: title page, abstract (in the Polish or English language), key words (in the Polish or English language), body text, references, tables and figures. The text of the paper along with tables placed at the end of the manuscript should be prepared in a single text file.
Title page Should include: full title of the paper (in the Polish or English language), full names of all the authors (if possible, please indicate the ORCID index), name of the institution, as well as the full name, address, phone number, fax number and e-mail address of the author corresponding with the Editors on behalf of all the Authors.
Abstract and key words Should be prepared in the Polish or English language. The abstract should not be longer than 400 words and should contain the aim, method, results and conclusions. Key words should number 3 to 6 key words or expressions, if possible compliant with the Medical Subject Headings Index Medicus.
Content In original papers reporting results of research projects, the text should be organised as follows: introduction and the aim of the paper, material and methods, results, elaboration or discussion, conclusions.
References Should contain a list of all the bibliographical references mentioned in the text.
They should be numbered in the text with Arabic numerals in a chronological order in which they were cited [references to literature within the text of the paper should be placed in square brackets]. You should provide the last names of the first six authors along with the initials, and if there are more authors – add the “et al.” abbreviation.
The referencing style is Vancouver, i.e. authors’ last names along with the initials, paper title, title of the journal using the applicable abbreviations (according to Index Medicus), year, volume, issue number, start and ending pages and DOI link, if any. For instance:
Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2005;200(6):869-875. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2005.02.028
In the case of books, you should provide the authors’ last names along with the initials, full title of the work, edition number (if it is another edition), place, publisher, year of publication, pages. For instance:
Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2009. 541 p.
Tables and figures Figures and photographs should be provided in separate graphic files (with .tif, .eps or .jpg extensions), numbered with Arabic numerals in a chronological order in which they were cited in the text. The titles of figures along with their numbering should follow the references. Tables should be placed at the end of the manuscript, numbered chronologically with Arabic numerals and titled.
The information contained in the tables should not be repeated in the text. The key to a table, e.g. explanation of the abbreviations, should be provided in footnotes below the table. All tables and figures must be cited in the text.
Abbreviations, symbols and units of measurement Abbreviations from English words, along with their explanations, should be provided in a bracket after the abbreviated term when they first appear in the text. All quantitative, haematological and chemical measurements should be provided in metric units according to the SI International System of Units (e.g. metre, litre, kilogram, etc.) or in the decimal system (e.g. decimetres). Temperature should be expressed in degrees Celsius, and arterial pressure in millimetres of mercury.
Statement of the Authors
When submitting a paper for publication in the journal “Infections of the 21st century” its Author (or Authors) state that the submitted work was not published (in print or electronically) earlier; all the Authors contributed to the creation of the work and no Author that contributed to its creation was omitted (guest authorship / ghostwriting); the work has not been submitted for publication elsewhere; the materials come from the Authors; neither the work nor its elements (e.g. illustrations, photographs, tables) infringe the copyright of third parties, and if otherwise the responsibility for infringement of such rights rests with the Authors; there is no conflict of interests between the Authors and companies or organisations, and if otherwise (e.g. cooperation in financing), such conflicts should be mentioned; the procedures used were in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki. In case of reporting a clinical experiment, the authors should state whether they applied procedures in compliance with the Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subject and principles of Good Clinical Practice; whether it was conducted showing due regard for the rights of patients and the rights of experimental animals (consent of the ethics committee to the conducting of the trials, respect for and protection of the patient’s privacy). The Authors should attach to the submitted paper the “Statement of the Authors” form, which confirms the above and by which they confirm that they are familiar with the principles of publication in the journal “Infections of the 21st century” and undertake to comply with them. Further, they state that while retaining their moral rights in the paper, they transfer, free of charge, to the Publisher the author’s economic rights and related rights to publish and disseminate the submitted materials in print and in electronic form, using printing or photographic methods or filming, through electronic databases, on electronic media of all types or to disseminate the paper by other methods within all areas of use, which are known at present and may emerge in the future, as well as to translations, adaptations, and further trading in such rights without territorial or circulation restrictions, provided that the work has been approved for publication and publishing.
The Authors should indicate whether the procedures they used were in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki. In case of papers reporting a clinical experiment, the authors should state whether they applied procedures in compliance with the Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subject and the principles of Good Clinical Practice, as specified in the Regulation of the Minister of Health of 11 March 2005 on specific requirements of Good Clinical Practice (Journal of Laws, Issue no 57, item 500). It is recommended to attach a consent of the bioethics committee.
If the paper uses photos, illustrations, graphics, numerical data, tables, fragments of text or other materials previously published, you should attach a written permission for their use granted by the owner of the copyright. In the case of photos showing people who can be identified, you should attach their written consent to the publication of the photos. It is assumed that the materials received come from the Authors.
Conflict of interests and declaration of transparency
The authors of original papers reporting findings of research projects are obliged to indicate and describe the sources of research financing, the role of the financing organisation and its impact on the paper text, if any. All the Authors are obliged to disclose any financial commitments (if applicable) between the Authors and the company that is either the producer of the product presented in the submitted work or its competitor that could be the basis for suspecting a conflict of interests with regard to the Authors of the work. Such information will not be disclosed to the reviewers and will not impact the assessment of the content of the work. After the manuscript is approved for printing, the Editors will determine with the Authors the form and content of the information about the sources of financing and possible conflict of interests.
In the declaration of transparency, you should indicate people or institutions that contributed to the creation of the work (including financial contribution in the form of grants, subsidies and subventions) but do not meet the criteria of co-authorship.
Ghostwriting and guest authorship (honorary authorship)
You should name all the Authors of the paper on the title page. It is forbidden to dissimulate the contribution of one of the authors or omit to mention his/her role in the acknowledgements included in the publication (ghostwriting) or mention an author on the title page of the paper if his/her contribution was negligent or none (guest authorship). Such cases, if discovered, will be disclosed, including reporting them to the relevant entities.
Reviewing procedure and anti-plagiarism policy
The paper submitted by the Authors is subject to a preliminary verification. During that stage, it is checked for compliance with the Instruction for Authors and verified in terms of copying other papers and substantive borrowings without indicating the source and original author (anti-plagiarism policy). If the Editors do not accept a paper for publication, they will inform the Authors about that without initiating the reviewing process. If the paper is accepted for publication, two to three reviewers are assigned acting independently from each other in accordance with the double-blind review process, i.e. the information that can identify the authors is removed from the manuscript. The reviewers are appointed based on the subject addressed in the paper from the circles that exclude personal or professional conflicts. Reviewers’ competences in a given field are confirmed by their scientific achievements. If two positive reviews are received, the paper is accepted for publication. If two negative reviews are received, the Authors are informed that the paper is not subject to further editorial works. The Authors of an accepted work receive written, anonymous comments from the reviewers and are obliged to respond to them and make changes to the text of the paper accordingly. The final decision about qualifying the work for publication is taken after the adjustment is made in the paper in accordance with the instructions presented in the reviews. The Editors may refuse to publish a paper without justifying their decision.
Instrukcje dla autorów oraz druki oświadczeń [pdf]